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Periodontology (Periodontics) and gum care

What is periodontics or periodontology?
From the Greek word paro meaning "around" and ondonte meaning "tooth", periodontics or periodontology is the specialty of dentistry which is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the periodontium, that is to say, supporting and supporting tissues of the tooth.
These tissues are the gum, the bone tissue (alveolar bone of the jaw), the cementum of the dental root and the alveelo-dental ligament.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When to consult a periodontist?
Consultation with a periodontist is desirable when you have a gum problem such as swelling, bleeding, or abnormal sensitivity.
Certain symptoms help to identify periodontal problems:

  • Bleeding gums when brushing, flossing or eating

  • Red or inflamed gums,

  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth

  • Abscess training

  • Dental loosening or gingival recession

  • Movable teeth ... to the loss of teeth

 

Often these symptoms are linked to bacteria that accumulate at the junction between the tooth and the gum, causing localized and inflammatory conditions: gingivitis. When bacteria infiltrate more potentially affecting all the tissues that support the tooth, it is periodontitis characterized by the loosening, mobility or even the fall of one or more teeth.

 

What does the periodontist do?
The role of the periodontist is to maintain the health, function and also the aesthetics of the structures surrounding the tooth. The periodontist or periodontist therefore treats bacterial or microbial infections deteriorating the supporting and supporting tissues of the tooth. These diseases are the main causes of tooth loss in adults.


Before starting treatment, the periodontist will carefully examine the gums, the general condition of the teeth and the jaw bone.


In the case of a diagnosis of periodontal disease, the specialist will use surgical and non-surgical options depending on the case in order to treat the underlying infection, stop the soft tissue recession, and restructure or replace the missing teeth. .

 

The main acts related to periodontal diseases are:

  • Diagnostic

  • x-rays, 3D images using a Cone beam to establish the anatomy of the teeth, the bone supporting them, all the surrounding tissues

  • Non-surgical procedures

  • descaling

  • facings

  • Surgical procedures

  • periodontal regeneration

  • a gum graft

  • placing dental implants

  • bone graft or bone augmentation